Dairy Farm Facts

May 11, 2012 By Blair Thomas

Indiana dairy cows

Each 1-cup serving of milk provides 10 percent or more of the recommended daily intake of calcium, vitamin D, protein, potassium, vitamin A and phosphorus. It’s no wonder the drink is being honored through the Year of Dairy Cows at the 2012 Indiana State Fair. Before you head out to the celebration, soak up some of these Indiana dairy fun facts:

  • All cows are female. Male cattle are called bulls.
  • It takes 10 pounds of milk to make a pound of cheese, 21 pounds of milk to make a pound of butter and 12 pounds of milk to make a single gallon of ice cream.
  • Milk would not be frothy without its protein content.
  • Until milking machines were developed in 1894, farmers only milked about six cows each hour. Today, the average dairy farmer can milk more than 100 cows per hour.
  • More than 60,000 U.S. dairy farms produce almost 177 billion pounds of milk annually.
  • About 99 percent of all dairy farms are family-owned.
  • The average herd size on a dairy farm is about 115 cows.
  • The average cow will produce 6.2 gallons per day over the course of a typical year. That’s more than 2,275 gallons per year.

Source: American Dairy Association of Indiana, Dairy and Nutrition Council of Indiana

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