Dairy Farm Facts

May 11, 2014 By Blair Thomas

Indiana dairy cows

Each 1-cup serving of milk provides 10 percent or more of the recommended daily intake of calcium, vitamin D, protein, potassium, vitamin A and phosphorus. Soak up some of these Indiana dairy fun facts for June Dairy Month:

  • All cows are female. Male cattle are called bulls.
  • It takes 10 pounds of milk to make a pound of cheese, 21 pounds of milk to make a pound of butter and 12 pounds of milk to make a single gallon of ice cream.
  • Milk would not be frothy without its protein content.
  • Until milking machines were developed in 1894, farmers only milked about six cows each hour. Today, the average dairy farmer can milk more than 100 cows per hour.
  • More than 60,000 U.S. dairy farms produce almost 177 billion pounds of milk annually.
  • About 99 percent of all dairy farms are family-owned.
  • The average herd size on a dairy farm is about 115 cows.
  • The average cow will produce 6.2 gallons per day over the course of a typical year. That’s more than 2,275 gallons per year.

Source: American Dairy Association of Indiana, Dairy and Nutrition Council of Indiana

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